God's Presence, the Angel of His Presence, & God's Righteous Servant Moshiac. Man and Devine Beings.
Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, generally known today by the acronym Rashi (RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Tanakh. He is often referred to as the first Rabbi to believe that the Jewish people as one man “Israel” are God’s righteous servant.
The early Sages expected a personal Messiah to fulfill the Isaiah prophecy. No alternative interpretation was applied to this passage until the Middle Ages. Rashi held the position that the servant passages of Isaiah referred to the collective fate of the nation of Israel rather than a personal Messiah.
Some rabbis, such as Ibn Ezra and Kimchi, agreed. However, many other rabbinic sages during this same period and later—including Moses ben Maimon, commonly known as Maimonides, and often referred to by the acronym Rambam, a medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages-realized the inconsistencies of Rashi’s views and would not abandon the original messianic interpretations.
Rashi’s commentary on Isaiah 52/13-15 and 53/1-12 supporting his position, conflicts with his commentary on the Book of Zechariah, Chapter 1 when he says: “The prophecy: of Zechariah is extremely enigmatic, because it contains visions resembling a dream that requires an interpretation. We cannot ascertain the truth of its interpretation until the teacher of righteousness comes. ”
The teacher of righteousness Rashi awaits is God’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53. He is referring to a particular man as Moshiach, and not the people Israel, which would include himself. Rashi is known for inconsistencies in his interpretations.
The truth of the interpretation of the prophecy of Zechariah 1 begins with the creation of the Angel of God’s presence. God created all things including spirit and souls that together form persons. The first person He created was the person of His spirit who is the Angel of His Presence, the Holy Spirit.
“9In all their troubles He was troubled, And the angel of His Presence delivered them. In His love and pity, He Himself redeemed them, Raised them, and exalted them All the days of old. 10But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; Then He became their enemy, And Himself made war against them.” Isaiah 63/9-10
All persons are souls blended with spirit. The first person God created was the person of the Spirit of the Holy God who is the angel of His Presence and the Holy spirit. An angel whose body is not the form of a human with wings. His body is the spirit of the Holy God.
God takes this special soul and spirit and places it before His Presence and speaks the words “I am”. But God does not use His voice. He becomes the person He is creating. He uses the childlike voice of an angelic person. He speaks to the angel as God and answers for him as the angel.
God simulates being this new person for ages and ages until he is perfect as God would have him be. Then God releases that special soul and spirit from before His Presence with a breath of life. And the person of the spirit of the Holy God was created. An angel whose body is God’s spirit.
God’s Presence is always in him. God was him. God can always place the person of His spirit before His Presence and be him and speak as him and through him. This is how God is in the angel that was sent to guard the Israelite’s on the way to the promised land.
“I am sending an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have made ready. Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name [Hashem] is in him; but if you obey him and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.” Exodus 23/ 20-22
The spirit of God that alights upon Moshiach in Isaiah 1/1-2 is the Angel of His Presence and where the Angel is, the Presence of God is, or at least close by as revealed in visions of the prophets Ezekiel and Zechariah.
Ezekiel says: “And He said to me, “O mortal, stand up on your feet that I may speak to you.” As He spoke to me, a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet; and I heard what was being spoken to me.” 2/1-2 Ezekiel
This is God speaking to a man (“O mortal”) who is Ezekiel, but he does not hear God speaking until at the same moment a spirit enters him and sets him upon his feet. A spirit of God entering a man and God speaking means the Angel of God’s Presence who is spirit alighted upon him and that God is in him.
Just as the spirit of God and God alights upon and enters the anointed one of Isaiah 11/1-2. Moshiach is a man and Divine beings.